Born in the Taksim area of Istanbul to Iranian parents whose nomadic business life brought them from Abadan and Tehran, to Beirut, Istanbul and finally to Hamburg, Adib-Moghaddam received his secondary education at the Wichern School, a German-protestant private school in Hamburg. His maternal family relates back to Karim Khan-e Zand, Persia's dynastic ruler who unified the country in the 18th century.
Whilst in Hamburg, Adib-Moghaddam attended Persian and Arabic language courses at the Imam Ali mosque in the same city. His academic education started at the University of Hamburg where he read Political Science, Psychology and Economics culminating in a Masters degree in 2000. Between 1997-1998, he was a scholarship student at the American University in Washington DC. In the summer of 2000 he was awarded a generous scholarship by the European Trust at Cambridge University and the Elizabeth Cherry Fellowship at Hughes Hall. He received his MPhil in late 2001 and a PhD in early 2004.
In 2005, he was elected the first Jarvis Doctorow Fellow in Peace Studies and the International Relations of the Middle East at St. Edmund Hall and the Department of Politics and International Relations at Oxford University. Two years later he accepted a Lectureship at SOAS, University of London. Currently, he is Professor in Global Thought and Comparative Philosophies at the Department of Politics and International Studies. In addition he is the chair of the Centre for Iranian Studies at the London Middle East Institute.
He has published several books, over two dozen peer-reviewed research papers and hundreds of opinion pieces and exclusive interviews which have been translated into several languages and distributed throughout the world. His most recent books are: On the Arab Revolts and the Iranian Revolution: Power and resistance today published by Bloomsbury and A critical introduction to Khomeini published by Cambridge University Press.